Your comprehensive travel guide to Poland - All in one place!
Poland is an amazing country full of different places of interest and landmarks. This country of rich history and magnificent nature simply cannot leave visitors indifferent. Poland has survived centuries of conflict to emerge as a proud, independent country, ready to assume her new role in modern history. Visitors to Poland are discovering what the locals have long known, that Poland is a country rich in fine culture, scenic landscapes and extraordinary historical sites.
Poland is one of the biggest countries in Central Europe with an area of 312,679 sq. km. The country is bordering Germany in the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia in the south, Ukraine and Belarus in the east and Lithuania and the Russian enclave of Kaliningrad in the northeast.
Fronted by the Baltic Sea in the north, Poland has a fairly smooth coastline covered by sand dunes in some areas and indented by scattered low-rising cliffs.
The southern third of the country is a mountainous region. Major ranges include the Sudetes, and the Tatra Mountains which are the most elevated part of the Carpathian Mountains.
As for rivers, the longest river in Poland is the Vistula at 1,047 km long. It is followed by the Oder which forms part of Poland's western border, at 854 km (531 mi) long. Other rivers of note include the Bug and the Warta.
Poland has hundreds of small lakes, and in Europe, only Finland has a greater density of lakes.
Architecture is an important part of Polish culture, which is evidenced by the magnificent monuments you will find throughout the nation. Castles, huge cathedrals and small but elaborate churches, along with magnificent public buildings are seen everywhere; even though many were severely damaged or destroyed during the second world war, they have been carefully restored to their former glory.
Polish cuisine is rich and delicious. As you might already know, hospitality is important, and most meals are group occasions. The most important drink in Poland is vodka, and Poland is one of Europe’s top beer producers. Music and literature are also important parts of Polish culture. Famous classical composer Chopin, for example, was born in Poland, and since the middle ages, literature has held pride of place. Both folk art and fine art are important to Poland’s people, with famous artists from Poland including painters, sculptors, and photographers. This is not at all surprising, given the incredible beauty that this northern country is known for.
Poland's 2019 population is approximately 37.89 million, which ranks it 38th in the world. Of this number, 61.5% of the people belonged to urban areas. The male population of the country is about 48.2%, and the remaining 51.8% belongs to the female population.