Your comprehensive travel guide to Austria - All in one place!
Tucked in between the soaring Alps, Austria is an enchanting country with dream-like landscapes, picture-perfect meadows and grasslands, stunning baroque architecture and music flowing through its veins. From pretty villages to magnificent cities, from the best operas to the most lavish desserts Austria has the perfect ingredients to intoxicate your senses.
Austria has three main geographical areas: the Lowlands, the Hill Country and Alpine Region.
The Lowlands of the east and southeast are the country's agriculture center. A sliver of lowland also fronts the Lake Constance area on its border with Switzerland.
In the Hill Country, north of the Danube River, the land rises into forested hills and lower mountains up to its border with the Czech Republic.
Most of Austria is covered by the Alpine Region, central and west, as the Alps extend on into Austria from Switzerland.
In this region snow-capped ranges of the Alps dominate. The major ones include the Bavarian, Carnic and Otztaler ranges.
The highest peaks are in the central Tauern Range. The Tauern Range eventually slopes into the Danube River Valley, and into the eastern lowlands, from Vienna, south to its border with Slovenia.
The Danube is the most significant river in the country. It's the second longest river in Europe and a vital waterway for commerce. Dozens and dozens of lakes run amidst the mountain ranges, especially in the south and to the immediate east of Salzburg. The largest in the county is Lake Neusiedler.
Austria is one of Europe's foremost cultural destinations, with the glorious musical heritage of Vienna and Salzburg, the contemporary art and architecture of Linz and Graz, and the varied folk traditions of the Alps and the eastern plains.
Vienna is unquestionably one of the great cultural cities of Europe: from the 18th to the early 20th centuries it was the pulsing, multicultural heart of one of the great Empires of the day, and artists, composers, musicians, architects, writers and poets. The resulting cultural inheritance includes great palaces such as Schonbrunn, Belvedere and Hofburg, a tradition of fine music dating back to when luminaries such as Strauss, Beethoven, Mozart and Haydn were active.
Bregenz is perhaps not the best known of Austrian destinations, but this small city on the banks of Lake Constance at the extreme western end of Austria has also developed a cultural tradition with its innovative Theatre Festival based around a giant stage floating on the lake.
Austria covers an area of 83,878 square kilometres with a population of 8,822,267 residents, including 1,395,880 foreign citizens. In 2017, an average of 1,970 million people with migration background lived in Austria, that is 22.8% of the entire population.
Vienna is Austria’s most densely populated province with 4,500 residents per square kilometer; Tyrol and Carinthia are the least densely populated provinces with 59 inhabitants per square kilometer. The average life expectancy is for woman 83.9 years and for man 79.3 years.