Antigua and Barbuda Highlights
Your comprehensive travel guide to Antigua and Barbuda - All in one place!
Former British colonies in the eastern Caribbean, Antigua and Barbuda boast some of the most ravishing beaches in the world. Antigua proudly proclaims it has "a beach for every day of the year," and Barbuda, Antigua's sleepy sister island, is also blessed with some pristine stretches of pink-tinged sand sprinkled with chic resorts. Not surprisingly, many movie stars and moguls jet to these islands to swim, surf, sun, and swoon on the dazzling shores.
Antigua draws the majority of visitors. Many arrive at the cruise ship port in the colorful capital of St. John's where shopping, museums, and historic buildings are the prime draws. The island preserves its history as a strategic naval port, and animal lovers can swim with friendly stingrays. Peaceful Barbuda has less than two percent of the islands' combined population. Seclusion seekers and nature lovers cherish the tranquility, while birders love the fabled frigate sanctuary. Water sports abound on both islands; diving, swimming, fishing, sailing, and windsurfing are all popular, and golfers will find a couple of scenic courses on Antigua.
Antigua and Barbuda are positioned in the Caribbean's Lesser Antilles and help separate the Atlantic Ocean from the Caribbean Sea. When compared to their peers, both islands are relatively low-lying limestone formations. The highest point is located in the hilly region of southwestern Antigua, as there, Mount Obama (formerly Boggy Peak), the remnant of a volcanic crater rises to 399 m (1309 ft).
Barbuda's highest elevation is 44.5 m (146 ft), a part of the highland plateau on the eastern edge of the island.
Both islands are ringed by reefs and sandbars and indented by beaches, small lagoons, and natural harbors.
There are no rivers of note and only a few streams, as rainfall amounts are quite light.
About 96 percent of Antigua and Barbuda’s current population is descendants of the African slaves brought to the islands to work on sugar cane plantations. Most of the other three percent of residents are descendants of their British masters. Antigua and Barbuda’s main British influences are the islands’ dominant Anglican religion and obsession with cricket. Many of the world’s finest cricket players come from these small islands.
Antigua and Barbuda’s ever present calypso music was first created as a way for slaves to communicate with each other when activities were forbidden during the 18th century. Lacking bamboo instruments, the slaves instead made their music from steel pans and drums still played across Antigua and Barbuda today. Reggae is another popular type of music throughout the islands, which has been used to freely celebrate Carnival every summer since 1957.
Antigua and Barbuda is a very small country in the Atlantic Ocean near Puerto Rico Nicknamed the "Land of 365 Beaches," it has the 4th smallest population in the world with an estimated 2019 population of 97,118. The country consists of two main inhabited islands Antigua and Barbuda that are miles apart, along with many small islands.
Despite its small population, it has a fairly high population density with 186 people per square kilometer (481/square mile).
The island of Antigua is more populous with about 82,000 residents. The capital of the country and the largest port is St John's on Antigua Island with a population of nearly 25,000.