Your comprehensive travel guide to Algeria - All in one place!
The largest country in the continent of Africa, Algeria has a diverse landscape and lots to offer travellers. The journey from Europe is only a short one but the difference between the two continents is immediately noticeable and provides a sense of adventure and intrigue for tourists. Algeria has many charming cities with winding streets and stunning architecture, Mediterranean coast, lush landscapes and Roman ruins to rival anywhere in the world.
The main attraction in the country however is the Saharan region where the never-ending sand and the mysterious and lively cities are enough to indulge even the most seasoned traveller’s imagination.
The People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria is the tenth-largest country in the world, the largest in Africa and around the Mediterranean with a land area of 2,381,741 km2. Algeria is located in northern Africa between Morocco and Tunisia and borders the Mediterranean Sea as well as Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Western Sahara. The terrain is mostly high plateau and desert with some mountains and a narrow, discontinuous coastal plain. The highest point is Tahat at 2,918 m above sea level.
Lake Chott Melrhir is an endorheic (closed basin) salt lake whose size varies throughout the year, yet is the largest lake in Algeria with its maximum area about 2,600 sq. miles. Moving north, there is a hilly and narrow coastal plain along the Mediterranean with a few minor (small) rivers.
Algeria's culture is strongly influenced by the country's recent history, as well as other aspects such as their literature, music, arts, crafts and religion. There are also many ethnic groups in the country that contribute to its diverse and fascinating culture.
Islam is the official religion of Algeria and the majority of Algerians are Muslims. Since the departure of the French, Christianity is a secondary religion. Approximately one percent of Algeria’s population is Jewish.
Algerian literature is split between French and Arabic and the country has produced a number of famous novelists, Mohammed Dib, Kateb Yacine and Assia Djebar, during the 20th century.
The musical genre of Algeria that is best known abroad is Rai. Rai is a pop-flavored, opinionated take on folk music.
Algeria has a thriving handicrafts industry. Part of the charm of the country is the richness of its production. From carpets to ceramics, from leather to lute making, from pottery to glass working to silverwork, the country has a tremendous variety of skills that produce goods which are sold in many other countries.
Algeria has an estimated population of 43.05 million, up from the official 2013 census population of 37.9 million. Algeria is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world with just 15.9 people per square kilometer. The capital and largest city is Algeria, which has an estimated population of 3.7 million.