Your comprehensive travel guide to Armenia - All in one place!
Armenia is becoming an increasingly popular tourist attraction, with the small but charming nation boasting a rich history. Armenia, which was the first country to declare Christianity as its state religion, boasts some of Europe’s most stunning views, with the peak of Mount Ararat dominating the country’s skyline. The mountain is Armenian’s national symbol despite its peak lying just over the Turkish border and Ararat is considered holy by locals due to its mention in the Bible-it is where Noah’s Ark landed. Armenia is home to countless beautiful monasteries and they are often found in areas of truly outstanding natural beauty. Armenian’s capital, Yerevan, is one of the most rapidly developing cities in the whole of Europe as the nation continues to embrace tourism.
Armenia is located in the Southwest Caucasus region, at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. It is a landlocked country bordered by Georgia to the north, Azerbaijan to the east, Iran to the south, and Turkey to the west.
Armenia’s land area is 29,800 square kilometers, and the population is 3.3 million. The maximum distance from north to south is 360 kilometers, and from east to west 200 kilometers. About five percent of the country’s territory is covered by lakes, the biggest of which is Lake Sevan. The tallest peak and biblical symbol is the mountain Ararat which lies on the territory of Turkey and dominates the national landscape. Mount Aragats, the highest point within the Republics boundaries (4090 meters at its summit) is accessible to most mountain climbers and naturalists wanting to explore its four peaks. Lake Sevan is by far the largest body of water in Armenia, accounting for 5% of the country's land area. This is a magic lake with which you can communicate, which relaxes and cleanses. It generously grants you a feeling of harmony, esthetics and excitement, thanks to its unique sights. Mythic and majestic, Lake Sevan fills a gigantic depression situated at a height of 2000 meters above sea level located in the central part of Armenia.
Armenia is situated in the unique crossroad of Europe and Asia. So, you might find a lot of cultural elements that have found their unique reflection in Armenian culture as well. However, there are some cultural elements that you’ll hardy meet in any other culture. Khachkars are one of them. The name “khachkar” is translated as “cross-stone”. Khachkars are typically Armenian, identifying Christian culture in Armenia. The main topic of khachkars are carved crosses on the rock, though you rarely you may meet khachkars with other images. Armenia is known for its oldest churches. The first church is Etchmiadzin Cathedral which is built in the 4th century. The inseparable part of Armenian culture is Armenian traditional clothing called “taraz”.
Armenian dances like Armenian culture comes from the ancient times. It’s essential to point, that the distinctive feature of Armenian traditional dances is their group nature.
Embracing more than 13 centuries, the architecture and miniature painting have dominated Armenian artistic production, showing consistent development. Remarkable Armenian painters that greatly introduced such painting genres as still life, landscape and historical composition in the second half of the 19th century are Hovhannes Ayvazovski; the most interesting phenomenon that gained international fame at the age of 25, Gevorg Bashinjaghyan; founder of national realistic landscape painting and Vardges Surenyants who is a specialist of Armenian theory of arts.
The population of Armenia in 2019 is estimated at 2.96 million people. The country’s population ranking is 137th in the world. The country has a population density of 101 people per square kilometer.
The ethnic tapestry of Armenia is 98% ethnic Armenians, while the rest are primarily Yazidis, with some Russian ethnicity present.
Armenia has a large diaspora, with about 8 million Armenians living throughout the world. The largest communities outside of Armenia are in Russia, Iran, France, the U.S., Canada, Syria, and Lebanon.