Your comprehensive travel guide to Tunisia - All in one place!
Often seen as simply a beach destination, Tunisia has a bucketful of surprising tourist attractions and things to do for those that venture off the sandy shores. This is North Africa wrapped up into one package, with vast Sahara dunes, mammoth ancient ruins, and exotic cities. Tunisia was Rome's breadbasket, and the cultural remains that the Romans left behind are more than enough reason to visit. But the history of Arab Empires has also bestowed the country with some of the region's most beautiful examples of Islamic architecture.
Tunisia is the northernmost country in Africa. It is bordered by Algeria to the west, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia is dominated by the Atlas Mountains in the north and the Sahara Desert in the south.
The Atlas Mountains extend northeast from the Algerian border to the Mediterranean Sea. To the north and east of those mountains the topography is generally characterized by low, rolling hills and flat coastal areas.
The Sahara is the largest desert in the world, and a small part of it covers Tunisia.
The Medjerda River rises in Algeria and then flows through Tunisia before entering the Mediterranean Sea.
Tunisians are famous for their tolerant culture and the warm hospitality shown to all visitors, regardless of background or faith. Alcohol is fairly easy to find in Tunisia, and many women choose not to wear headscarves. In return, visitors should equally understand Tunisian hosts and avoid wearing overly skimpy clothing. Knees and shoulders must always be covered when visiting Islamic religious monuments.
European, Middle Eastern, and African influences all play important parts in Tunisia’s national identity. Arabic, Andalusian, and Turkish rhythms can be heard in Tunisian music, and many buildings in Tunis feature brightly painted doors and windows next to their European-style beautiful gates. Alloucha, the most famous of Tunisia’s high quality carpets, are made in Kairouan. The Cap Bon area is well known for its clay crafts.
The population of Tunisia in 2005 was estimated by the UN at 10,043,000, which placed it at number 80 in population among the 193 nations of the world. The overall population density was 61 per sq km (159 per sq mi), ranging from only about 4 per sq km (10 per sq mi) in the south to over 1,000 per sq km (400 per sq mi) in the thickly settled north. The capital city, Tunis, had a population of 1,996,000 in that year.