Sri Lanka Highlights
Your comprehensive travel guide to Sri Lanka - All in one place!
An ideal destination to visit would be where you can find lustrous tea gardens, golden beaches, chirpy environment, emerald forests and Sri Lanka is just that! This pear-shaped island country is amongst top tourist destinations. In Sri Lanka, a plentiful moment of serendipity waits, and if you have not visited here yet, there is no time for you to waste. Visit Sri Lanka to fill up that one blank space in your travel bucket list where you wanted to place a travel destination that was full of life, warm people and exotic places.
The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon) is an island in the Indian Ocean, separated from south-east India by the Palk Strait. It is almost linked to the Indian mainland by Adam’s Bridge, an atoll barrier, mostly submerged, lying between the offshore island of Mannar and India itself. The pear-shaped island of Sri Lanka is largely flat and rolling. The terrain is distinguished by a cluster of mountain peaks, the highest of which is the Pidurutalagala in the south-central region of the country.
The surface drainage of Sri Lanka is made up of about 100 rivers, most of which are mere wet-season rivulets. With the exception of the 208-mile-long Mahaweli River, all major rivers flow radially from the Central Highlands to the sea. The Mahaweli, which originates on the western slopes of the highest areas of the highlands, follows a circuitous route in its upper reaches before it enters the plain to the east of the highlands and then flows toward the northeast coast.
Sri Lanka is one of the few countries with a very vast and rich cultural diversity. The culture is itself very unique and thereby contributes to the Sri Lankan identity. Sri Lankan culture is often reflected by the use of art, architecture, sculptures, and even food. One of the main features of the culture is its Indian and European influence. Since most of the time Sri Lankan kings married Indian princesses they incorporated Indian culture but still preserving the unique Sri Lankan identity. The European influence was a result of invasion from the Dutch and Portuguese and finally the British. Hospitality is also one of the prominent characteristics of the culture, making Sri Lankans one of the friendly nations in the world.
Sri Lanka may seem like a small island lying southeast of India. However, it has a significant population of 21.32 million in 2019, with the densest areas lying in the urban areas such as the capital, Colombo and other large cities that are also the industrial and economic hubs of the country. It is growing at a rate of 0.913% annually and houses people from many different ethnicities and religions, which gives the country a multi-cultural and multi-ethnic identity. Sri Lanka is the 58th most populous country in the world.