Your comprehensive travel guide to Israel - All in one place!
Home to some of the world's most famous historical tourist attractions, Israel and the Palestinian Territories are often thought of as simply a pilgrimage destination. After all, this is where some of the main events for those of the Jewish, Muslim, and Christian faiths is said to have happened. But for travelers who are not seeking out religious sightseeing within the churches, synagogues, and mosques, there are plenty of other things to do. The Dead Sea is a bizarre natural wonder where you can't sink. The Galilee region's natural beauty ticks all the boxes for those who want to hike in nature. And the Negev Desert's raw and rocky landscapes are ripe for adventure if you're seeking some dusty action.
History and Government
The birthplace of the Jewish people is the Land of Israel. During the many years of dispersion, the Jewish people never severed nor forgot its bond with the Land. With the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, Jewish independence lost 2,000 years earlier, was renewed.
Archeology in Israel involves the systematic investigation of all the remains of the country's past - from prehistory to the end of Ottoman rule. The profusion of material remains is evidence of the many cultures that have left their imprint on the Land.
Above all archeological research clearly reveals the historical link between the Jewish people, the Bible and the Land of Israel, uncovering the remains of the cultural heritage of the Jewish people in its homeland. These visible remains, buried in the soil, constitute the physical link between the past, the present and the future of the Jewish people in its country.
This unbroken chain of history can be observed at sites all over the country. Jerusalem, the capital of Israel, has been the focus of extensive archeological activity and remains of 5,000 years of history have been revealed.
Israel is located in South Western Asia, at the Eastern edge of the Mediterranean Sea. A tiny country is incredibly diverse and is divided into four or five regions.
The long Mediterranean Coastal Plain stretches 190 km and houses 70% of the country’s population in some of Israel’s largest cities including Tel Aviv and Haifa as well as agricultural and more rural settlements. Beaches stretch almost the entire stretch of the beautiful plain, which boasts magnificent ancient ruins including Caesarea as well as magnificent new settlements and resorts, some of Israel’s most desirable.
The Jordan Rift Valley also extends from the north of Israel to the far south and is part of the Great African Rift Valley. The River Jordan flows through the valley into two unique lakes, the Sea of Galilee and the Dead Sea.
Israel has an estimated population of 8.52 million, which ranks 101st in the world. The country has a population density of 387 people per square kilometer which ranks 34th worldwide. Much of Israel's population is concentrated in and around Tel-Aviv, as well as around the Sea of Galilee; while the southern area remains sparsely populated with the exception of the shore of the Gulf of Aqaba.
The culture and traditions of Israel originated from the Jewish religion. It is stated that Israel is the origin of the Jewish culture. Therefore, to understand the culture, customs, and traditions of Israel fully, it is essential to understand the culture of the Jewish community. The Jewish culture is made up of characteristics such as philosophy, mythology, mysticism, Judaism and Jewish festivals. The Judaism culture is described as the religion of Jewish origin.
Judaism is an ancient monotheistic culture, and it forms the basis for the creation of Islam and Christianity. The Islamic culture is defined as a monotheistic religion of the Abrahamic origin teaching that there exists only one supernatural being, God, and His messenger, Muhammad. On the other hand, Christianity is described as a monotheistic religion of the Abrahamic origin only. Christians believe in Jesus as the son of God.
Israel has diverse cultures, traditions, and customs, however, Tel Aviv and Jerusalem are taken as the cultural hubs for the various cultures being practice in Israel. Israel has over 200 museums; this number of museums has made Israel be the country with the highest number of museums in the entire world per capita.
Food and Drink
Modern Israeli cuisine represents a culinary fusion of traditional Jews foods and foods brought to Israel by Jewish diaspora. Due to the geographical position of Israel, cuisine of Israel belongs to Middle Eastern cuisine and Mediterranean cuisine strongly influenced by Asia, Africa, and Europe. Thanks to various cultural and culinary influences, Israeli foods represent one of the most delicious foods in the World and one of the healthiest foods in the World.
Israel has been the cultural center of the world, of which the numerous festivals in Israel are proof! They are one of the reasons why thousands of tourists flock to the country each year while some or the other festival or event is in place. In terms of festivals and annual celebrations, Israel has a lot to offer from music festivals to Pride Week, and even a large scale beer fiesta for its young traveler and the local population.
Best Time to Visit
The winter months of November to March are the coldest in Israel with snow in the northern reaches of the Golan Heights, and occasional snowfall in Jerusalem. Jerusalem and other highland areas are splendid in the summer (June - August) when temperatures are high with balmy evenings, and little chance of rain. Tel Aviv and the far south of the country are usually several degrees warmer, making it the perfect place to soak up the sun beachside. If you plan on visiting the Dead Sea or Negev Desert be sure to pack a hat to protect you from the sun. The seasons of spring (April and May) and autumn (September and October) are the best time to visit Israel when temperatures are pleasantly mild throughout the country.